New initiatives and programs lead by public and private sectors that promote SUSTAINABILITY

The following are new technologies and programs that promote sustainability:

  • Flying Wind Farms: Two balloons hoisted up into the sky that move upwards and downwards to create a turbine, which captures wind energy, transfers it, and then sends it down to the ground below. Since wind is more powerful and predictable at higher elevations, scientists estimate that there can be anywhere from 8-27 times the power produced at air level compared to the power produced at ground level.

  • Algae Biofuel Production: “Carpets” of algae that have nitrogen, phosphorous, sunlight, and carbon dioxide are eligible for this treatment. They dry the algae after 5-8 days, and take its carbohydrates, and convert them into natural sugars, which are then converted to butyric, lactic, and acetic acids. Then, they can convert the butyric acids into butanol, which can be used for fuel. This also helps remove large amounts of nitrogen from unhealthy lakes and rivers, allowing more marine animals to survive.

  • Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Fuel cells that are filled with oxygen atoms so that the electrons form a current. These things are affordable and easy to make, but they must be at low temperatures, and they won’t work for charging laptops, phones, or used as gas in cars and trucks. Still experimental at this point in time.

  • Waste Heat to Electricity: A technology where waste energy, like heat, can be transformed back into energy. They only need metal, polymer, and a benzene ring. They expose waste molecules in a metal-polymer-metal electron sandwich to a stimulated heat source, which then made the molecules split into two paths once they reached a benzene ring. When they met up at the other side, the waves coming cancelled each other out. It is this disturbance in the electronic currents that builds up voltage in the electrodes. This energy stored can light a 100 watt light bulb or increase a car’s efficiency by 25%.

  • Carbon Dioxide Car Fuel: Scientists are trying to make a porous material, which can absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere or from factory chimneys, and store it in itself. Then, they can used this to fuel cars.

  • Tobacco Biofuel: When scientists engineer tobacco plants to over express one of two genes in the plant. These genes are diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT) or the leafy cotyledon 2 (LEC2). When these are genetically modified, they produce more oil than regular tobacco plants, which can then be turned into fuel.

  • Floating Geodesic Solar Molecules: Molecules floating on hot air that are covered with PV cells, which are used in solar panels to trap sunlight. Once these cells trap this energy, they beam it back down as microwaves, which are then converted to usable energy on the ground.

  • Making electricity while driving: A bridge in Lisbon, Portugal, where oncoming winds from cars passing under the bridge are trapped and converted into energy. This is more efficient because there are 20% more winds under that bridge than in most average parts of the world.

  • Salt solar plant: Mirrors outside the building guide heat onto molten salt inside, which then flows down and is converted to steam, which is then converted to powerful electricity that is usable.

  • Power from trees: The pH difference between the soil and the actual tree turns into an electric current, which can power batteries.

  • Power from bacteria: New technologies where the photosynthesis process used in cyanobacteria to produce energy is being modified for our energy.

  • Energy from pollution: Extracts electricity from pollution and other organic waste products. Oxidizes pollutants to extract electricity.

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